General information and resources for students and adult learners.

Parts of Acoustic Guitar

The acoustic guitar has three basic parts: a head, a neck and a body.

  • The Head- The head, sometimes called a headstock holds the tuning pegs also called tuning machines, machine heads or tuning gears) that the strings are attached to. In a six-string guitar there are six tuning pegs. Each tuning peg has a knob you can turn using your fingers. The knob will tighten or loosen the string tension and this put each string into "tune".
  • The Neck -The neck is usually fixed to the body by bolts or glue or formed from the body in one piece. It often has a metal truss rod running through it to strengthen it and help against any slight warping or twisting. The neck has a flat piece of wood called the fingerboard of fretboard.
The fingerboard is divided into sections called frets. These sections are marked off by pieces of wire set into the wood called fretwire. By stopping a string in between the fretwires- that is "in the middle of the fret"- the frets determine the different pitches or notes you can make on each string. The strings run from the bridge, along the neck and across the nut - which is a piece of wood, plastic or metal at the top of the neck with slight gooves for each of the six strings-to the tuning pegs.
  • The Body -The body in an acoustic guitar is where the sound comes from. It consists of a top piece, which is sounding board with a sound hole and a back and sides, which contain the sound and make it resonate.
The body has a bridge, made from either wood or metal, which anchors the strings. There are also strap pins or posts which you can use to attach a shoulder strap.





As one of the most popular instruments in the world today the guitar has developed a bewildering numbers of shapes and types. It is used in almost every style of music and instruments builders have invented new sorts of guitar for the particular need of each style.
A lot of music has been written for the guitar as a solo and group instrument. It is sometimes played in the symphony orchestra and in opera. The classical guitar blends well with the flute, recorder or harpsichord and is particularly good for accompanying the voice. The guitar has survived and prospered and no other instrument has the power to bring people together.

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