What are Eponyms?

Eponyms are words derived from the names of people, the English language contains a large number of eponyms, but how do you get your name to be a word and one day be in the dictionary or should we say how your name can be eponymous? Certain professions and callings do seems to have more names in the dictionary.
Based on most of the eponymic names that ended in the dictionary, most of these names are from famous scientist, the eminent men of science like Ohm, Ampere, Watt, Newton, Rutherford to name a few
Not all famous scientist or people ended up having their name as eponymic, even famous painters and musicians, their names were no where to be found in the dictionary.
According to Cyril Leslie Beeching, author of "A Dictionary of Eponyms" there are three main groups of eponyms:
  •       Words derived from mythological or fictitious names
  •       Words which are descriptive of a person or his works e.g. Shakespearean
  •       Words that are taken from the names of people who actually exist or once existed.
Here is a list of eponymic words that is relevant to our daily life and with information concerning the person who have given their names to the word.