Thursday, November 30

History of Mother's Day

Mother's Day is a special day to remember and to thank this special person who look after you all these years. Read how the celebration of Mother's day started.

When was the first Mother's Day?



The custom of remembering mothers can be traced back to ancient spring festivals, thousand of years ago in Greece and in Rome there are celebration that celebrates mothers.
In ancient Greece, there was a spring festival to honor the goddess Rhea, the mother of all gods. Rhea was the wife of Cronus, the god of time.
In ancient Rome there was a festival of Hilaria. This festival was in honor of the goddess Cybele, the mother of all the gods. Hilaria was held on 25 March, the first day after the spring equinox. A celebration which happens twice a year, when night and day are the same length. Lots of games were played and there was also a solemn procession in which a statue of Cybele was carried through the streets.



The First Mothering Sunday
From the Middle Ages the Christian Church has set aside a special day to remember mothers. This was the middle Sunday of Lent. The Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus was celebrated on the earliest Mothering Sundays. People made a special visit to the church and brought offerings to the Virgin Mary.
The 'Mother Church' was also important on Mothering Sunday. Many villages were too small or too poor to have their own church and so several villages shared a large Mother Church some distance away.
On Mothering Sunday people went back to the Mother Church where they may have been baptized. Sometimes people from the larger churches went to visit the nearest cathedral on Mothering Sunday.
Your Mother - Your Best Friend, she is always there for you, no matter what.

What is 'going a-mothering'?

Mothering Sunday also used to be known as "Refreshment Sunday', this allow people take a break from fasting. It was the only time when feasting and games were allowed out of the 40 days of Lent. It was a day when families got together. By the 16th century there are records of celebrations of children and grandchildren coming home to the family for a feast.
By the 18th and 19 centuries many children lived away from home as servants in the houses of wealthy. Servants had one day off a year and were encouraged to 'go-a-mothering' to go home and see their families.
Usually they would often take a present, it could be money, spring flowers or a mothering cake. There would be a celebration meal usually lamb or veal are served with a drink called furmety, which was made of wheat grains boiled in milk sweetened with sugar and flavored with cinnamon.
Children going home for Mothering Sunday would often take with them a 'mothering cake'. This was a cake specially baked for their mothers, although it was given on Mothering Sunday, it would often be saved and eaten on Easter Sunday at the end of Lent.
A mothering cake was usually a cake called a 'simnel cake that is made with flour colored with saffron, often had almond icing called marzipan on the top. Simnel cake is like a very rich fruit cake that was boiled in water, before being baked in an oven.
How did Mothering Sunday became Mother's Day?
By the First World War Mothering Sunday was being celebrated less and less. This was partly because workers had more holidays so families could meet together more regularly. By the Second World War Mothering Sunday had been almost forgotten.
The idea of a special day for mothers was revived when American soldiers came to Britain during the Second World War. They brought with them the traditions of the American Mother's Day. This tradition included sending cards, giving presents and flowers to mothers on their special day.
After the war had ended the new name of Mother's Day was used in Britain. Mothering Sunday was originally a celebration connected to religion and the Christian Church. The modern British Mother's Day has become much more about the family and actual mothers. It is celebrated by people of many faiths and is not just a Christian celebration.
How did Mother's Day start in the USA?
In 1872 Julia Ward Howe, who lived in the USA suggested a special day for mothers.
The idea was finally started in 1907 by Anna Jarvis. She began a campaign to have a national Mother's Day. Anna's mother, Mrs Anna Reese Jarvis taught at Sunday school in the Methodist Church in Graftan, West Virginia. When her mother died, Anna persuaded her mother's church to celebrate a Mother's Day on the second anniversary of her death. It was the second Sunday in May. Anna Jarvis and her friends wrote to ministers, businessmen and politicians asking them to support a national Mother's Day.
By 1911 Mother's Day was celebrated in almost every state in America. In 1914, President Woodrow Wilson announced that Mother's Day would be a national holiday and that it would be held on the second Sunday of May.
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Tuesday, November 21

What names are used for groups of animals?


A. Listed below are collective or group names for different kinds of animals.

Animals

Group Name
     
1. Ants   Nest, army, colony, state or swarm
2. Bees   Swarm, cluster, nest , hive or erst
3. Caterpillars   Army
4. Eels   Swarm or bed
5. Fish    School, shoal, haul, draught, run or catch
6. Flies   Business, hatch, grist. Swarm or cloud
7. Frogs   Army
8. Gnats   Swarm, cloud or horde
9. Goldfish   Troubling
10.Grasshoppers   Cloud
11. Hornets   Nest
12. Jelly Fish   Smuck or brood
13. Lice   Flock
14. Locusts   Swarm, cloud, plague
15. Minnows   Shoal, steam, swarm
16. Oysters   Bed
17. Sardines   Family
18. Sharks   School or shoal
19. Snakes   Bed, knot, den or pit
20. Termites   Colony, nest, swarm, or brood
21. Toads   Nest, knot, knab
22. Trout   Hover
23. Turtles   Bale or dole
24. Wasps   Nest, herd or pladge



B. Listed below are collective or group names used for group of mammals.

Animals

Group Name
     
1. Antelopes   Herd
2. Apes   Shrewdness
3. Baboons   Troop
4. Bears   Sloth
5. Beavers   Family or colony
6. Boars   Sounder
7. Buffaloes   Troop, herd or gang
8. Camels   Flock, train or caravan
9. Caribou   Herd
10.Cattle   Drove or Herd
11. Deer   Herd or Leash
12. Elephants   Herd
13. Elks   Gang or Herd
14. Foxes   Cloud, skulk or troop
15. Giraffes   Herd, corps or troop
16. Goats   Flock, trip, herd or tribe
17. Gorillas   Band
18. Horses   Herd, stable, stud, set, team
19. Jackrabbits   Husk
20. Kangaroos   Troop, mob, or herd
21. Leopards   Leap
22. Lions   Pride, troop, flock, sawt or souse
23. Mice   Nest
24. Monkeys   Troop or Cartload


Animals

Group Name
     
25.Moose   Herd
26. Mules   Barren or span
27. Oxen   Team, yoke, drove or herd
28. Porpoises   School, crowd, herd, shoal, or gam
29. Reindeer   Herd
30. Rhinoceri   Crash
31. Seals   Pod, herd, trip, rookery, or harem
32. Sheep   Flock, hirsel, drove, trip or pack
33. Squirrels   Dray
34.Swine   Sounder, drift, herd or trip
35. Walruses   Pod or herd
36. Weasels   Pack, colony, gam, herd, pod or school
37. Whales  School, gam, mob, pod or herd
38. Wolves   Rout, route, or pack
39. Zebras   Herd
40. Asses   Pace, drove, or herd




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Monday, November 20

What names are used for young animals?



Listed below are list of names for young animals or names used for young animals.  



AnimalName for young
AntAntling
AntelopeCalf, fawn, kid or yearling
BearCub
BeaverKit or Kitten
BirdNestling
BobcatKitten or Cab
BuffaloCalf, yearling, or spike-bull
CamelCalf or colt
CanaryChick
CaribouCalf or fawn
CatKit, Kitling, Kitty
CattleCalf, stot, yearling
ChikenChick, poult, cockerel or pullet
Chimpanzee      Infant
CicadaNymph
ClamLittleneck
CodCodling,scrod or sprag
CondorChick
CougarKitten, cub
CowCalf
CayoteCub, pup or puppy
DeerFawn
DogWhelp
DovePigeon or squab
DuckDuckling or flapper
EagleEaglet
EelFry or elver
ElephantCalf
ElkCalf
FishFry, fingerling minnow or spawn
FlyGrub or maggot
FrogPolliwog or tadpole
GiraffeCalf
GoatKid
GooseGosling
HorseColt, foal, stag, yearling
KangarooJoey
LeopardCub
LionShelp, cub, or lionet
LouseNit
MinkKit or cub 
MonkeySuckling, Yearling or infant 
MosquitoLarva, flapper, wriggler
OstrickChick
OysterSet seed, spat or brood 
PatridgeCheeper
PelicanChick or nestling
PenguinChick or fledgling
PheasantChick or poult
PigeonSquab, nestling or squeler
QuailCheeper, chick or squealer
RabbitKitten or bunny
ReindeerFawn
RhinocerosCalf
Sea LionPup
SealWhelp, pup, cub or bachelor
SharkCub
SheepLamb, shearling or yearling
SkunkKitten
SquirrelDray
SwanCygnet
SwineShoat, trotter, pig or piglet
TermiteNymph
TigerWhelp or cub
ToadTadpole
TurkeyChick or poult
TurtleChicken
WalrusCub
WeaselKit
WhaleCalf
WolfCub or pup
ZebraColt or foal

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